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Six thinking hats
#1
Thinking Hats Six Thinking Hats

It is a study conducted by the physician and psychologist Edward de Bono based on the analysis of the thinking process in humans


This method is used when we want to think about something or a new project or planning to build a house for the family, for example, or other business in which we want our thinking to be holistic and creative balanced at the same time.

Six hats method
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It is: dividing thinking into six patterns and considering each pattern as a hat that a person wears or takes off according to his way of thinking at that moment. We learned how to coordinate the different factors to achieve creativity.



How does the six hats work?
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The hats are not real hats but psychic hats. This method gives you the opportunity to direct the person to think in a certain way and then ask him to switch to another way.. For example, he turns to green hat thinking, which symbolizes creativity.



Characteristics of the Six Hats
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Thinking has six patterns... We express it with six hats, and each hat has a color that distinguishes this pattern. When you talk, discuss or think, you use one of these patterns, that is, you wear a hat of a certain color. When the speaker or discussant changes his pattern, he changes his hat. These are skills that can be learned. and practice it.

The fun and effectiveness of thinking can only be achieved if thinking is free of interference that may cause intellectual confusion that hinders reaching a better decision. Constructive thinking is a means to achieve an undisturbed or interfering thought Where we focus on one color and make sure to give enough attention to everything.



The white hat (symbolizes neutral thinking)




This thinking is based on questioning in order to obtain facts or figures. The questions set are waiting for answers to fill the gaps in information, but the facts or figures may be confirmed or unconfirmed. What is certain gives direction to an idea, and puts a line on the thinking map, and It lays a basis for agreement with others. As for those who are not certain of these facts or numbers, then discussion and confrontation arise.

Those who wear this hat focus on neutral thinking, specifically on the following matters:
* Asking, collecting or obtaining information.
Focus on facts and information.
* Absence of emotions and opinion.
* Attention to facts, figures and statistics.
Impartiality, complete objectivity, and representation of the role of the computer in giving or receiving information without interpreting it.
* Pay attention to specific questions to obtain facts or information.
* Direct and specific answers to the questions.
* Distinguish between the degree of validity in each opinion.
*Listening and good listening.


The yellow hat (symbolizes positive thinking)




This thinking is completely opposite to negative thinking, and is based on positive evaluation. It is a mixture of optimism and the desire to see things come true and get benefits. Few people follow this thinking, and their number increases if the ideas presented are in line with their ideas.

There is a type of optimistic people to the point of recklessness sometimes and make some decisions based on an exaggerated optimistic view. This type of thinking needs strong arguments so that it does not turn into a kind of conjecture, and despite its importance in the way of thinking, it is not sufficient and needs negative criticism to achieve balance. Its main areas are solving problems, suggesting improvements, exploiting opportunities, and making designs for positive changes. It does not require precise specialization or high skill as much as it requires the ability to combine factors and components of problems and the ability to separate them from each other in order to provide a solution, visualization or design.



This hat expresses positive thinking and the wearer cares about the following:

* Optimism, courage and willingness to experiment.

Focus on highlighting the possibilities of success and reducing the possibilities of failure.

* Supporting and accepting opinions using logic and showing the reasons for success.
Clarify the strengths of the idea and focus on its positive aspects.
* Underestimating the problems and thoughts and clarifying the differences from previous failed experiences.
Focusing on the positive aspects such as high profit, intrinsic strength, and weaknesses in opponents and competitors.
* Attention to the available opportunities and keenness to exploit them.
Expectation of success and encouragement to take action.
* Not to use feelings and emotions clearly, but to use logic and express opinion in a positive way and try to improve it.
The owner is dominated by the love of production and achievement, not necessarily creativity.
He has great hope and ambitious goals that he is working towards.
* He looks at the positive side in any matter and justifies him to downplay the negative side.

The red hat (symbolizes emotional thinking)

It is the opposite of neutral thinking that is characterized by objectivity, as it is based on what lies in the depth of emotions and feelings, as well as on intuition in terms of a sudden vision or a fleeting understanding of a particular situation. And the effect of all this on thinking is done in a hidden way and is considered part of the thinking map, and there is no need to justify or analyze these effects as no result has been reached, and often the idea goes beyond the behavior. This thinking is based on feeling and feeling, which there may be no words to express, but the more successful this type of thinking is, the greater the dependence on it and trust in it. The strength of the influence of feelings on thinking depends on the strength of the background of the emotions, the elicitation of emotions with a certain perception, and the containment of emotions on a large amount of self-interest.

This hat symbolizes emotional thinking and when you wear it you are doing some of the following:
* Show feelings and feelings (not necessarily justification for these feelings)
The most prominent of these feelings (pleasure, confidence, stability, anger, doubt, anxiety, safety, love,

Jealousy, fear, hate).
*Caring for feelings only without facts or information.
* It shows the irrational human side and is often characterized by biases or guesses that do not reach the *degree of making them hypotheses, i.e. feelings that have only the individual's sense of them in most cases.
Exaggeration in analyzing the emotional side and giving it more weight than usual.
* Rejection of facts or opinions without rational justification, but on the basis of feelings or internal feelings.

The black hat (symbolizes negative thinking)

The basis of this thinking: logic, critic and pessimism, is always in one negative line, whether in his perception of future situations, or his assessment of the conditions of his past, and although it seems logical, it is not always fair, it often presents a logic that is difficult to break and often focuses on secondary things or small. The brain chemical that constitutes this type of thinking may be the chemical of fear or dissatisfaction, it is easy to use and gives conviction to some that they are in the spotlight, and gives them a sense of distinction from the sponsors of any idea or suggestion. Positive logic is required to find alternatives and responses to this type of thinking, and for this reason, it is necessary to ensure the basics of logic and its justifications, and that the deduced rules be direct and sound, and that there is an attempt to elicit other rules. This type of thinking has its positive aspects, as it identifies the risks that may occur when adopting any proposal.

There are things that distinguish this hat with negative thinking, pessimism, or dismissive logic, and when you wear it, you do some of the following:
Criticizing and rejecting opinions using logic.
Pessimism and optimism about the prospects for success.
* Use logic and explain the reasons that may lead to failure.
Clarify the weaknesses of any idea and focus on the negative aspects of it.
Focus on the possibilities of failure and reduce the chances of success.
* Focus on obstacles, problems and failed experiences.
Focusing on the negative aspects, such as high costs, the strength of opponents, or the intensity of competition.
* Anticipation of failure and reluctance to take action.
* Not to use emotions and feelings clearly, but to use logic and express opinion in a negative way.


The green hat (symbolizes creative thinking)

De Bono chose the color green to be a center of creativity and innovation. It's like growing a big plant out of a small planting. It's growth, it's change, and out of old ideas. There are times when we need to get into creative thinking on purpose, just as we said about getting into red hat thinking and about negative thinking, and creative thinking may be more important than other thinking. When we deliberately embark on this thinking, we extract ideas that go beyond the existing thinking, and protect the small implants that are new ideas from the thinking that tries to dry them out, which is black hat thinking. The thinking of the green hat goes far behind the positive calendar and overlooks the issuance of mental judgments so that those judgments do not constrain him from finding the new thing, it is concerned with movement and extends its horizon to what can lead to the desired thing without restrictions.

Creative thinking, or ambiguity, is expressed in the green hat, and its wearer is characterized by the following:
* Being keen on new ideas, opinions, concepts, experiences and means.
* Searching for alternatives for each command and preparing to practice the new ones.
Does not mind taking some time and effort to search for new ideas and alternatives.
* Using creativity methods and means such as (what if....?) or (lateral thinking) and others to search for new ideas.
Trying to develop new or strange ideas.
* Willingness to take risks and explore new ones.

The blue hat (symbolizes directed thinking)

It is the thinking of the general view, and the reason for choosing the blue color is that the sky is blue and it covers everything and includes everything under it, and secondly, because the blue color suggests enclosure and strength like the sea. By thinking, we think how to direct the necessary thinking to reach the best result. The act of blue hat thinking is like the director of a play, it decides the roles of the actors, when they will enter, when they will stand, and the appropriate role for each of them. The owner of the blue hat decides which hats should be activated and when they should work. He lays out the plan for thinking in different hats and continues to give instructions in a certain order. This view differs greatly from the traditional view, which makes thinking an automatic process that flows uncontrollably. De Bono differentiates between a good thinker and a not-so-good thinker, and the difference for him is in the ability to focus. The best answers. The task of blue hat thinking - whether the individual is thinking alone or in a group - is to pay attention to any slippage or deviation from the topic around which research and thinking revolve.

So the blue hat suggests organized or directed thinking and its owner is characterized by interest in the following:
* Programming, arrangement, implementation steps and completion.
Directing dialogue, thought and discussion to come up with practical matters.
Focusing on the topic and avoiding rambling or deviating from the topic.
* Organizing and directing the thinking process.
* Distinguish between people and their thinking patterns, i.e. its owner clearly sees the hats of others.
* Guiding other hat-holders (often by questions) and preventing controversy among them.
* Summarizing, collecting and crystallizing opinions.
* Its owner tends to manage the meeting even if he is not the chair of the meeting.
Tends to admit that other opinions are good under the right circumstances and then analyzes the current circumstances to show what is the appropriate opinion in this case.
* Tends to summarize the final topic or present an effective, acceptable and appropriate proposal.


These attributes are mentioned for all hats in a nutshell...
Knowing that some people They can wear more than one hat in one day (such as the colors of the spectrum)
It depends the situations that they are exposed to .

What is the color of your mind..!?
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